Le Havre, France, 1901 – Paris, France, 1985


Jean Dubuffet came to Paris in 1919 in order to study at the Académie Julian. Thanks to his fascinating and unusual oeuvre, which includes paintings, drawings, sculptures, and engravings, he became a leading artist of his day. He executed images in a raw style incised into rough surfaces, thickened with natural materials and sculptural works in unwanted materials. Their unfinished aspect often provoked lively controversies as for example at the time of his first exhibition in 1944 at the René Drouin Gallery. In writing various texts related to Outsider Art, Dubuffet became the principle representative of this movement that he had researched during his frequent travels.
Beginning in the 1960s, he made experiments with architectural environments and musical compositions. In his last years he created large sculptures in fiberglass for public spaces. Jean Dubuffet died on May 12, 1985 in Paris after having founded the Dubuffet Foundation.